The question addresses the following learning outcomes: ? be able to apply demand and supply analysis to make a range of market related decisions ?

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The question addresses the following learning outcomes: ? be able to apply demand and supply analysis to make a range of market related decisions ?

The question addresses the following learning outcomes: ? be able to apply demand and supply analysis to make a range of market related decisions ?

Question The assignment consists of two problem questions and the completed assignment should not exceed 2000 words. Please note that although the task only contains two questions the responses to those questions should be presented in the same manner as you will be expected to present responses to all questions in all assessment tasks in this subject. Your responses must be divided into 4 parts. Each part is detailed in the guide to marking criteria given below. Question 1 (20 marks) The question is based on material in the Text. Text material which may be relevant to the question may be drawn primarily from any of Text chapters 3 4 5 6 7 8 or 9. The question addresses the following learning outcomes: ? be able to apply demand and supply analysis to make a range of market related decisions ? be able to critically examine and demonstrate why it might be necessary for government to intervene in the production of goods and services and in the distribution of income Answer the following: Schooling for children between specified ages is compulsory. However not all of these children attend public schools. Parents can elect to send their children to private schools (which we will assume is the only alternative to public schooling). There is debate in the community over the amount of subsidy provided by government to private schools. Some argue that this subsidy should be eliminated in order to reduce government outlays on education and that it is wrong for the government to subsidize private schooling. In the context of the demand and supply of schooling evaluate this argument. Hint: Assume that the average expenditure per student by government on students in public education must remain constant. Question 2 (20 marks) The question is based on material in the Text. Text material which may be relevant to the question may be drawn primarily from any of Text chapters 12 or 13. The question addresses the following learning outcomes: ? be able to make decisions that incorporate the relevant benefits and cost analysis Answer the following: An argument against the introduction of a carbon tax in Australia was that it would only force the ?dirty? companies impacted to relocate overseas into countries where such taxes were not imposed (such as China). Consequently it was argued the imposition of the tax would make no difference to world-wide pollution. Use your knowledge of the behavior of consumers to evaluate this claim. Hint: In your answer consider the relationship between Chinese consumer demand for ?clean air? on the one hand and Chinese consumer demand for ?other goods? on the other. Rationale In your working life you will be required to present arguments and explain your decisions. Economics gives you tools to do this. However many of those with whom you work will have little if any understanding of the principles of economics and their application. To communicate with these people you will have to put your arguments succinctly into language that they understand. This does not mean that your argument is any less rigorous or sophisticated. Rather it means that you are being asked to communicate important concepts and decisions in a manner that most people can understand. We see this as the most important result of your study of this subject and therefore a passing mark (50% to 64% depending on the quality of your answer) on any question will require that you are able to successfully explain to the lay person (one who has not studied economics) the issues associated with any question. Thus in the first part of an answer to any assessment question in this subject you will be required to summarize in a non-technical manner the essence of a correct answer. Of course you will need to know and understand the relevant theory and associated diagram(s)/model(s) on which you are basing your answer. Thus in the second part of your answer to any question you will be required to correctly outline the basic theory ? including the construction and explanation of the diagram(s)/model(s) associated with it. This ability to theorize will indicate your ability to place the issues raised in the question into an appropriate theoretical/abstract context from which to further examine the economic issues and to draw appropriate conclusions. If you successfully complete both the first and second part of an answer you will be awarded a credit mark (65% to 74% depending on the quality of your answer). The third part of your answer requires you to correctly utilize the diagram(s)/model(s) to illustrate the changes to the diagram(s)/model(s) that the circumstances discussed in the question imply. This will illustrate your ability to manipulate the tools of economics. Students who successfully complete this part of the question (in addition to the first two parts) will be awarded a distinction mark (75% to 85% depending on the quality of your answer). Finally in the fourth part of your answer you must correctly analyze using the diagram(s)/model(s) the impact of the change on variables and issues of concern determine if a response is required (by business or government) what that response should be and predict the impact of that response in both the short-run and the long run. Marking criteria Part 1 Summarize (Pass: 50% to 64% of marks for the question depending upon quality of answer) Provide in ‘everyday language’ and without reference to diagrams a summary of a correct answer to the question asked. This summary should include a succinct description of the point from where the analysis commences the initial impact of the change in economic circumstances discussed in the question identification of the problem(s)/issue(s) these changes create the likely business/policy measure(s) taken in reaction to these changes the short run and long run results of the measure(s) employed and a brief evaluation of the measures taken. Part 2 Theorize (Credit: 65% to 74% of marks for the question depending upon quality of answer) Complete Part 1 and be able to recognise the correct economic theory and the associated diagram(s)/model(s) for the analysis. Be able to explain the basics of the theory and of the construction of the diagram(s)/model(s) and identify the appropriate equilibrium starting point in the context of the diagram(s)/model(s). Part 3 Utilize (Distinction: 75% to 84% of marks for the question depending upon quality of answer) Complete Part 2 and utilize the diagram(s)/model(s) to correctly identify the initial change in the diagram(s)/model(s) that results from the change in economic circumstances discussed in the question. Part 4 Analyze (High Distinction: 85% to 100% of marks for the question depending on quality of answer) Complete part 3 and using the diagram(s)/model(s) correctly identify the economic problem(s)/benefit(s)/issue(s) created by the change in economic circumstances and analyze if business/government should respond what the response should be and if a response is made analyze the effectiveness of the response by reference to the diagram(s)/model(s) in the short-run and long-run. Presentation Answers should be typed and diagrams must be clear and neat and preferably drawn electronically. Hand-drawn diagrams are acceptable. The answer to the question should be divided into four parts (as indicated in the marking criteria above: Part 1: Summarize; Part 2: Theorize; Part 3: Utilize and Part 4: Analyze) and each part should be carefully labeled.


 

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